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Dentures in Pearland

Complete Dentures vs Partial Dentures

What are Dentures?

Dentures and partial dentures serve the purpose of tooth replacement, albeit being prosthetic in nature and not permanently fixed in the mouth. They are custom-fitted to rest on the gum tissue or the remaining healthy teeth and require periodic removal and cleaning at home. Both devices possess distinctive advantages and disadvantages, and consulting with a dental professional would enable the identification of the optimal choice based on individual circumstances.

Types of Dentures:

  • Partial Dentures
  • Complete Dentures

1. Partial Dentures

A removable partial denture, also known as a "partial," is a dental prosthesis designed to replace missing teeth in either the upper or lower jaw. This type of denture relies on the remaining natural teeth as anchorage points and is secured to these teeth using either plastic or metal clasps. The purpose of these clasps is to enhance the stability of the denture during mastication and speech.


  • Complete dentures represent a cost-effective solution for replacing all missing teeth in a jaw arch
  • Dentures provide the opportunity to fully restore a smile by allowing patients to choose the size, shape, color, and position of the teeth
  • With proper care, complete dentures are highly durable and can remain functional for many years


  • Loss or damage of remaining teeth can negatively impact the stability of the partial denture, necessitating repairs, modifications, or complete replacement
  • Partials may exert force on remaining teeth and potentially compromise their structural integrity over time. Patients may also experience changes in their speech and chewing capabilities due to the shape and bulk necessary to create a robust partial
  • Minor changes in gum shape, tooth position, or patient weight can result in changes to the fit of the partial, potentially causing sore spots and requiring periodic adjustments or repairs

2. Complete Dentures

A complete denture is a removable dental prosthesis designed to replace all missing teeth in either the upper or lower jaw. These dentures consist of plastic or porcelain teeth set in a pink acrylic base, relying on the gums, remaining jaw bones, and oral muscles and tissues for support. To enhance retention and stability, complete dentures can be anchored onto implants.


  • Removable partial dentures can be a cost-effective solution for replacing missing teeth, regardless of the number of teeth requiring replacement
  • A properly designed and fitted removable partial denture has the potential to replace all missing teeth within an arch
  • Due to their removable nature, partial dentures facilitate convenient and effective cleaning of both the prosthesis and the adjacent natural teeth
  • Well-maintained removable partial dentures are characterized by their durability and longevity, potentially serving patients for numerous years


  • Patients may experience changes in speech and limitations in chewing ability
  • The denture requires a certain amount of acrylic material to provide sufficient strength and retention, which some patients may find uncomfortable or difficult to tolerate
  • Some foods may be difficult or impossible to eat with dentures, and certain eating patterns may need to be altered
  • Minor changes to the shape of the gums and/or jaw bones can affect the fit of the denture over time, leading to sore spots that require adjustments or repairs

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